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Arabica and Robusta Coffee

Two species, infinite blends

The coffee plant belongs to the Rubiaceae family, genus Coffea, which includes approximately 90 species.

Three species are the most important for the coffee industry: Coffea Arabica, Coffea Canephora (also known as Coffea Robusta), and Coffea Liberica. An evergreen bush, coffee grows between the Tropic of Cancer and the Tropic of Capricorn.

Coffee plantations require a lot of water, particularly in the full vegetation stage.

Coffea Arabica, with its numerous varieties (Bourbon, Catui, Caturra, Catimorra, Mundonovo, etc.) today represents two thirds of the world's coffee production. The plant is rather delicate and requires greater care than the Robusta variety. The beans are an elongated oval shape, green-blue in colour and feature a sinuous, barely noticeable groove.

The ideal habitat for Coffea Arabica is at an altitude of between 600 and 2000 metres – the higher it grows, the better the aroma and flavour of the beans.           

The major growers are the countries of South and Central America, but excellent quality beans can also be found in some areas of Africa and Asia. The market offers a wide range of Arabica coffees, and their diversity of flavour reflects their country of origin and the multiple varieties.    

Arabica coffees are richly aromatic, with a sweet and slightly acidulous flavour. The caffeine level is lower than that in the Robusta variety, at about 1.4% in the green coffee.

Arabica

Robusta

Coffea Canephora (Robusta) is widespread in Africa, Asia, and Indonesia, and accounts today for approximately one third of the world’s production. It grows at altitudes between sea level and 600 metres, where it can bear very hot and humid climates, with peak temperatures of over 30°C.
After roasting, the yield is a full-bodied coffee with a chocolatey flavour and a persistent aftertaste.

 

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